How many types of electric cars are there

How many types of electric cars are there

There are a few different types of electric cars. Some run entirely on electricity, which is called a pure electric vehicle. And some vehicles can also be run on petrol or diesel, which is called hybrid electric vehicles.

Plug-in electricity, means that the car runs entirely on electricity. It gets its full power when it is plugged in for charging. This variant does not require petrol or diesel to run, hence producing no emissions like conventional cars.

Plug-in hybrid, these cars run mainly on electricity but have a conventional fuel engine, so you can use petrol or diesel when the car is out of charge, and when running on fuel, these cars generate emissions. But when running on electricity, they will not, and plug-in hybrids can simply be plugged into an electricity source to recharge their batteries.

Hybrid-electric, these run primarily on fuel such as petrol or diesel, but also contain an electric battery, which is also charged through regenerative braking. These let you switch between using your fuel engine and using electric vehicle mode at the touch of a button. These cars cannot be plugged into a source of electricity, and rely on petrol or diesel for energy.

Read also – How to set up an EV charging station at home

How do electric cars work?

All EVs, also called battery electric vehicles, have an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine, and the vehicle uses a large traction battery pack to power the electric motor. It must be plugged into a wall outlet or charging device that is an EV and does not emit any exhaust from the vehicle tailpipe. It does not have typical liquid fuel components such as a fuel pump, fuel lines, or fuel tank. Read this article completely to know more about Electric Vehicles.

How does an electric car engine work?

Electric cars work by plugging into a charge point and taking electricity from the grid and storing the electricity in a rechargeable battery that powers an electric motor that turns the wheels, unlike electric cars with conventional fuel engines. They move faster than vehicles. So feel light to drive.

How does charging work?

You can charge an electric vehicle by plugging it into a public charging station or home charger, and there is plenty of electric vehicle charging stations around the UK to stay fully charged when you’re out and about. But to get the best deal for vehicle charging at home, it is important to get the right EV electricity tariff, so that you can spend less money charging an electric vehicle and save a lot on your bill.

Electric Vehicles and their Range

How far you can travel on a full charge depends on your EV, with each model having a different range, battery size, and efficiency. The right electric car for you would be the one that you can use for your normal commute without stopping and charging in between. Explore our electric vehicle leasing options.

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What are the internal parts of an Electric vehicle?

Electric vehicles have 90% fewer moving parts than an ICE car, and here are the parts that keep an EV moving,

  • Electric Engine/Motor – Provides power to turn the wheels. It can be of DC/AC type, and AC motors are more common.
  • Inverter – It converts the electric current in the form of direct current to alternating current.
  • Drivetrain – EVs have a single-speed transmission that sends power from the motor to the wheels.
  • Battery – stores the electricity needed to drive the EV, and the higher the kW of the battery, the greater the range.
  • Charging – Plug into an outlet or EV charging point to charge your battery.

How to charge EVs?

You can charge an electric vehicle either by plugging it into a socket or by plugging it into a charging unit. There are plenty of EV charging stations around the UK to stay fully charged when you’re out and about. There are three types of chargers;

  • Three-Pin Plug – A standard three-pin plug that you can plug into any 13 amp socket.
  • Socketed – A charge point where you can connect a Type 1 or Type 2 cable.
  •  Tethered – A charge point to which a cable with a Type 1 or Type 2 connector is attached.

How long does it take to charge an electric car?

Electric cars can be charged in three main ways;

  • Slow – typically rated at 3kW, often used overnight or at work, and have a charging time of 8 to 10 hours.
  • Faster – typically rated at 7Kw or 22kW. Tend to be installed in car parks, supermarkets, leisure centers, and homes with off-street parking, its charging time is 3 to 4 hours.
  • Rapid – typically rated at 43 kW, and only compatible with electric vehicles that have the rapid charging capability, and a charging time of 30 to 60 minutes.

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Are public charging stations free in the US?

Many people charge their electric cars at public charging stations, and they can be free, pay-as-you-go, or subscription-based, with prices set by the network or property owners, and some automakers, such as Hyundai, and Nissan. And Tesla may offer complimentary public charging at some EV chargers.

How do you charge an electric car in the USA?

You can charge your electric car using standard 120-volt home outlets, 208-240V outlets like the ones used by your dryer, or dedicated 480V+ public fast chargers, and using each of these three options Charging time depends on the size of your drive and battery.

Are electric charging stations free?

There are many public charging points scattered throughout London that offer free or pay-per-use charges, and EV charging times vary from 30 – 60 minutes or up to 8 – 10 hours, depending on vehicle model and battery.

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